The XK120 was released in 1948 and offered high horsepower and high speed. It was the precursor to Jaguar's involvement in racing. During the 1950s, the company enjoyed five victories at Le Mans, in part due a competitive advantage--the company was one of the first to use disc brakes on the race track.
Jaguar introduced the Mark VII sedan in the United States in the 1950s, and its success prompted the similarly elegant Mark VIII and Mark IX. The subsequent XJ6 and XJ12 sedans have become known for their traditional English approach to luxury. In 1961, Jaguar brought to the U.S. the smooth, high-performance E-Type sports car, which was replaced in the 1970s with the less sporting but similarly powerful XJ-S luxury coupe. Two Le Mans victories, in 1988 and 1990, reinforced Jaguar's performance reputation.
- Founded : 1922
- Founder : Sir William Lyons and William Walmsley
- Headquarters : Whitley, Coventry, United Kingdom
- Website : www.jaguar.com
Ford's poor financial performance, combined with weakened sales at Jaguar, prompted Ford to sell Jaguar and Land Rover to Indian manufacturer Tata in 2008. Jaguar sold approximately 14,960 cars in 2008 and hopes to build on that number in 2009 with its three models. The XF model is the entry-level luxury car, the XJ8 is the flagship of the XJ luxury car series, and the XK offers sports-car speed and style.