Subaru Car manufacturers

Subaru is known for its use of the boxer engine layout in most of its vehicles above 1500 cc its use of the Symmetrical All Wheel Drive drive-train layout since 1972.
Subaru is known for its use of the boxer engine layout in most of its vehicles above 1500 cc as well as its use of the Symmetrical All Wheel Drive drive-train layout since 1972. The flat/boxer engine and all-wheel-drive became standard equipment for mid-size and smaller cars in most international markets by 1996, and is now standard in most North American market Subaru vehicles.

Subaru started life in 1917 as the Aircraft Research Laboratory and was renamed Nakajima Aircraft in 1932 when it became a major supplier to the Japanese military. The name was changed again to Fuji Sangyo before the government split it into 12 separate companies in 1950, but five of those companies rejoined to form Fuji Heavy Industries (FHI). Those five companies are represented by the five smaller stars on the company logo. CEO Kenji Kita pushed FHI into the car business in the 1950s and oversaw creation of the P1, a prototype four-door sedan and the first unit-body vehicle designed in Japan. Not satisfied with the names suggested in a company-wide competition, Kita called the car Subaru, the Japanese name for the Pleiades star cluster, when it went on sale in 1955.

The tiny air-cooled 360 model followed in 1958, and formed the basis for an introduction to the U.S. market spearheaded by Malcolm Bricklin and Harvey Lamm. The pair shifted from selling franchises to forming Subaru of America and establishing a national dealer organization. From 1971 to 1994, Subaru built the Leone (Italian for "lion"), a predecessor to today's Impreza. With eccentric 1970s styling, and a small-displacement flat-four "boxer" engine driving either the front or all four wheels, it set the stage for future Subaru automobiles. These included tiny vans, a wedge-shaped sporty car known as the XT, and a small pickup with rear-facing bed-mounted seats called the Brat. The quirkiness lessened in 1989, however, when the Legacy sedan and wagon were slotted above the Leone. More conventionally styled, the Legacy put the spare tire in the rear of the car instead of above the engine, and replaced the EA-series motor with the more refined EJ version.

Subaru Car manufacturers
FHI established July 7, 1953 first Subaru car introduced 1954
Ebisu, Tokyo, Japan
Kenji Kita
Chikuhei Nakajima (predecessor)
Ready to make its name in motorsports, Subaru jumped into the deep end, supplying flat-12-cylinder engines to the Coloni Formula 1 team. However, the company withdrew when both the engines and team were not competitive. Subaru also burnished its performance reputation with its XT replacement, the SVX. The SVX was an upscale sports coupe styled by Giorgetto Giugiaro of ItalDesign that was powered by a 3.3-liter flat-six engine. Just 25,000 were sold over a six-year period at a rumored loss of $3,000 each. The SVX helped establish the company as a technology and style leader just as Subaru returned to high-level motorsports in the form of the World Rally Championship. The Impreza won its first event, the 1994 Acropolis Rally, before taking three consecutive (1995-1997) WRC constructor's titles, as well as the driver's titles in 1995, 2001, and 2003.

As if to prove it's still a technology maverick, Subaru debuted a turbocharged boxer diesel at the 2007 Frankfurt Motor Show, and is rumored to be readying a version for sale in the U.S. It will be joined in 2010 by a new Legacy, and a year or two later by a sports coupe the company is developing in conjunction with Toyota.

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